Cycloidal gearboxes or reducers consist of four Cycloidal gearbox fundamental components: a high-speed input shaft, an individual or compound cycloidal cam, cam followers or rollers, and a slow-speed output shaft. The input shaft attaches to an eccentric drive member that induces eccentric rotation of the cycloidal cam. In compound reducers, the first track of the cycloidal cam lobes engages cam followers in the housing. Cylindrical cam followers become teeth on the inner gear, and the amount of cam fans exceeds the amount of cam lobes. The next track of compound cam lobes engages with cam followers on the output shaft and transforms the cam’s eccentric rotation into concentric rotation of the output shaft, thus raising torque and reducing quickness.
Compound cycloidal gearboxes provide ratios ranging from as low as 10:1 to 300:1 without stacking phases, as in standard planetary gearboxes. The gearbox’s compound reduction and will be calculated using:
where nhsg = the number of followers or rollers in the fixed housing and nops = the quantity for followers or rollers in the gradual swiftness output shaft (flange).
There are several commercial variations of cycloidal reducers. And unlike planetary gearboxes where variations are based on gear geometry, heat therapy, and finishing procedures, cycloidal variations share simple design concepts but generate cycloidal movement in different ways.
Planetary gearboxes are made of three fundamental force-transmitting elements: a sun gear, three or even more satellite or planet gears, and an internal ring gear. In a typical gearbox, the sun equipment attaches to the insight shaft, which is linked to the servomotor. Sunlight gear transmits motor rotation to the satellites which, subsequently, rotate within the stationary ring gear. The ring equipment is portion of the gearbox housing. Satellite gears rotate on rigid shafts linked to the earth carrier and cause the planet carrier to rotate and, thus, turn the result shaft. The gearbox provides result shaft higher torque and lower rpm.