Single-Phase Induction Motors

Single-Phase Induction Motors
The single-phase electric motor operates under the same principle as the polyphase motor, except that the rotating magnetic field effect generated by the stator does not exist until running rpm is reached. Since no beginning torque is sprockets available, a design system is included to begin the motor. These are the various designations:

Torque-Speed Curves of Different Single-Phase Induction Motors

Shaded-pole: Have only one main winding no begin winding. This configuration causes a change of the used magnetic field in romantic relationship to the rotor, creating stating torque. Applications consist of enthusiasts and small appliances.

Split-Phase (induction start engine)
Has two models of stator windings. The “start” windings are positioned 90 degrees to the “run” windings and shift the magnetic field of the stator, inducing starting torque. Applications include little grinders, small enthusiasts, and blowers.

Capacitor-Start
The most typical single-phase motor found in industrial applications. It is a modified split-phase electric motor with a capacitor in series with the beginning winding to supply a start boost. Application include small conveyors, huge blowers, pumps, and direct-drives.

Permanent-Split-Capacitor (PSC)
Uses identical primary and auxiliary windings with a capacitor to supply starting torque. They are the most reliable single-phase engine because no centrifugal beginning switch is necessary. Applications include followers and pumps in HVAC and refrigeration industries.